More Cat Care Information:
Cats are unique creatures. Some of their habits may seem unusual to many but serve a cat well. The following are some interesting facts about cats you might not know.
|General Cat Care #1: Before You Bring Your Cat Home|
|You will need food, food dish, water bowl, interactive toys, brush, comb, safety cat collar, scratching post, litter and litter box.|
|General Cat Care #2: Feeding|
|An adult cat should be fed one large or two smaller meals each day. Kittens from 6 to 12 weeks need to be fed four times a day. Kittens from three to six months need to be fed three times a day. You can either feed specific meals, throwing away any leftover canned food after 30 minutes or free-feed dry food (keeping food out all the time).|
Feed your cat a high-quality, brand-name kitten or cat food (avoid generic brands) two to three times a day. Kittens can be fed human baby food for a short time if they won’t eat kitten food softened by soaking in warm water. Use turkey or chicken baby food made for children six months and older. Gradually mix with cat food. Cow’s milk is not necessary and can cause diarrhea in kittens and cats. Provide fresh, clean water at all times. Wash and refill water bowls daily.
Cats can be either right pawed or left pawed. Similar to humans, they show a preference to use one paw over the other. However most cats are left pawed.
A cat uses it whiskers to detect nearby movement. Just like a set of antennas. They move forward when they hunt, providing information on their prey.
An average cat has 60 vertebrae and 244 bones. Most of the cat's bones are found in their tail which gives it flexibility.
Cats have 517 muscles which allow their back and front to move in opposite directions.
A cats taste buds are found on the tip of their tongue. They only have 473 compared to humans which have 9,000.
A cats heart beats 2 to 3 times faster than a humans at 150 to 210 times per minute. A human heart beats 60 to 80 times per minute.
Cats have a course sandpaper like tongue. This texture is created by a thin covering of tiny thorn like barbs. These barbs face backwards on the tongue and help guide food to the back of their mouths as well as help them to take in water quicker.
Cat ears have 32 muscles unlike human ears with only 6. They can also turn 180 degrees. This gives them excellent hearing while hunting prey.
Kittens have 26 milk teeth which will be replaced by 30 permanent teeth when they are 12 to 18 weeks old.
|General Cat Care #3: Grooming|
|Most cats stay relatively clean and rarely need a bath, but they do need to be brushed or combed. Frequent brushing helps keep your cat’s coat clean, reduces the amount of shedding and cuts down on the incidence of hairballs|
|General Cat Care #4: Handling|
|To pick up your cat, place one hand behind the front legs and another under the hindquarters. Lift gently. Never pick up a cat by the scruff of the neck (behind the ears) or by the front legs without supporting the rear end.|
|General Cat Care #5: Housing|
|Cats should have a clean, dry place of their own in the house. Line your cat’s bed with a soft, warm blanket or towel. Be sure to wash the bedding often. Please keep your cat indoors. If your companion animal is allowed outside, he can contract diseases, get ticks or parasites, become lost or get hit by a car, hurt in a fight or poisoned. Also, cats prey on wildlife.|
A Tom Cat will mark a 3 to 5 mile stretch of track as its territory. It will then go over this stretch daily to keep it well scented.
A layer of tissue in the cat's eye reflects and magnifies light allowing a cat to see six times better than a human in less light.
Scent glands are found in a cats cheeks and paws. They pass the scent on when they rub against you while communicating.
Domestic cats are the only cats able to keep their tails vertical while walking. A wild cat will keep it tucked between their legs or horizontally.
Cats sleep 13 to 16 hours a day. This is about 70% of the time.
A normal domestic cat weighs between 8 and 12 pounds. The heaviest domestic cat on record weighed in at 46 pounds and 15.2 ounces.
Kittens are born with blue eyes but the shade normally changes after 12 weeks.
Cats cannot see right below their nose so they will usually leave tiny pieces of food behind.
A group of cats is called a clowder while a male cat is called a tom and a female is a queen.
Cats don't have sweat glands. They release sweat through their paws.
Cats whiskers serve a very important function. They grow as long as a cat's width and let them know if they can fit through small openings. If they bend, the cat knows it won't fit.
Cats usually have four toes and five pads on their back paws and five toes and seven pads on their front paws. These pads normally are the same color as a cats fur.
A cat can only retract the claws on its front paws.
|General Cat Care #6: Identification|
|If allowed outdoors (again, we caution against it!), your cat needs to wear a safety collar and an ID tag. A safety collar with an elastic panel will allow your cat to break loose if the collar gets caught on something. An ID tag or an implanted microchip can help insure that your cat is returned if he or she becomes lost.|
|General Cat Care #7: Litter Box|
|All indoor cats need a litter box, which should be placed in a quiet, accessible location. A bathroom or utility room is a good place for your cat’s box. In a multi-level home, one box per floor is recommended. Avoid moving the box unless absolutely necessary. Then do so slowly, a few inches a day. Cats won’t use a messy, SMELLY litter box. Scoop solids out of the box at least once a day. Dump everything, wash with a mild detergent (don’t use ammonia) and refill at least once a week, less frequently if using clumping litter. Don’t use deodorants or scents in the litter or litter box (especially avoid lemon scent).|