In the 3,500 BC wild cats were domesticated from Africa by the ancient Egyptians and from then on they became treasured pets. The natural instincts of a cat were put to use by using them to protect food stores from vermin and other pests. You need to be informed about cat health, cat care and cat illness when you pet them.
Neutering cats is to remove the sex organs and as a result stop them from reproducing. Neutering stops hormones production responsible for the sexual behavior of cats. From the age of 5 to 8 months, kittens reach sexual maturity. They are thus, capable of breeding and reproducing. Most people find it difficult to have too many pets so they opt for neutering. This results in the prevention of unwanted pregnancies. It restricts the unwanted behavior pattern associated with sexual maturity; which in turn reduces the risk of contracting certain diseases.
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Spaying a female cat:
Once a female cat reaches maturity it will begin to come into 'call' or season. Cycles of sexual activity occur every three weeks and when a cat is 'calling', it is a noisy affair. Drugs are used to suppress the sexual cycle. But, this carries a risk of side effects and should be avoided for long term use. The spaying operation involves general anesthetic and the surgical removal of uterus and ovaries. The fur at the incision will be shaved before the surgery. Your vet will ask you to not feed the cat from the evening prior to the anesthetic. Your kitten will be able to come home the same day and skin sutures are removed after 7 to 10 days.
Castrating a male cat:
Castrating male cats is necessary as they have a tendency to roam and get aggressive by marking their territory by spraying urine. Uncasterated cats are put at risk due to this behavior. They get exposed to infectious diseases such as feline 'AIDS', feline immunodeficiency virus. They are vulnerable to feline leukemia virus. Both these diseases are transmitted through cat bites. Castration is the removal of both testes under general anesthesia. It is done through a small incision into the scrotum. The cat needs to withhold food from the previous evening to minimize complications. The kitten comes home the same day. The skin incision is small and thus sutures are not required.
Post operative care
Cats recover from neutering quickly. They may get drowsy for a few hours but are lively by the next day. It is wise to keep your kitten quiet for a day or two. This allows the internal wounds to heal. However, if your pet cat is unusually dull get in touch with your vet. If the kitten starts to scratch aggressively or lick at the skin sutures, get the dressing done from your vet.