More Cat Care Information:

18th Jan 2011

General Cat Care #1: Before You Bring Your Cat Home
You will need food, food dish, water bowl, interactive toys, brush, comb, safety cat collar, scratching post, litter and litter box.
General Cat Care #2: Feeding
An adult cat should be fed one large or two smaller meals each day. Kittens from 6 to 12 weeks need to be fed four times a day. Kittens from three to six months need to be fed three times a day. You can either feed specific meals, throwing away any leftover canned food after 30 minutes or free-feed dry food (keeping food out all the time).

Feed your cat a high-quality, brand-name kitten or cat food (avoid generic brands) two to three times a day. Kittens can be fed human baby food for a short time if they won’t eat kitten food softened by soaking in warm water. Use turkey or chicken baby food made for children six months and older. Gradually mix with cat food. Cow’s milk is not necessary and can cause diarrhea in kittens and cats. Provide fresh, clean water at all times. Wash and refill water bowls daily.

Royal Canin for Cats

Unlike humans, cats are strictly Carnivorous and their body has completely adapted to eating and digest this kind of food. Further cats have 30 sharp cutting teeth which are designed as jaws to cut and tear chunks from their prey and they are not meant for chewing. Further cat's saliva does not contain digestive enzymes but their stomach is designed to quickly digest swallowed prey so their nutritional requirement is different from other animals and the same cannot be fulfilled by food prepared at home.

So one needs to be very careful while selecting a food for their cat. Again cats can't adjust to a low protein diet, and they are completely dependent on specific nutrients that can be found in sufficient quantities in animal products. These nutrients are:-


Arginine is a very important nutrient required by cats to eliminate ammonia out of their body as their body generate a lot of ammonia when they digest their food. Again if a cat receives less amount of Arginine then they can't eliminate ammonia from their body and accumulation of ammonia in a cat's body can lead to various problems like drooling, vomiting, seizures, ataxia (loss of control of the body) and more. At times it can lead to death but animal food product producing companies like Royal Canin have this in good quantity.


Taurine is another nutrient which should not be missed as they help in:-

  • Development and maintenance of the retinas
  • Development and maintenance of the muscles of the heart wall
  • Helps skeletal muscles to function normally
  • Helps regulate blood sugar and body weight
  • Helps regulate defects in the blood flow that supplies the nerves
  • Maintenance of the immune system
  • Development of fetuses during pregnancy

But unlike Arginine, effects of deficiency of Taurine takes some time to develop and it takes about 5 months or more to notice its symptoms

Arachidonic acid

One can say Arachidonic acid are body building supplements for cats as they help in muscle growth and it also helps to maintain enzymes in a cat's body. Further arachidonic acids help to repair and maintain skeletal muscle tissue and it also helps in its growth.

Again a cat's requirement of these quantities will depend on a number of things like cat's breed, his/her age, is he/she an indoor or outdoor cat but no worries as Royal Canin has a number of products for cat depending on your cat's age and further it contains all the nutrients required for your cat.

Royal Canin Junior Maxi

General Cat Care #3: Grooming
Most cats stay relatively clean and rarely need a bath, but they do need to be brushed or combed. Frequent brushing helps keep your cat’s coat clean, reduces the amount of shedding and cuts down on the incidence of hairballs
General Cat Care #4: Handling
To pick up your cat, place one hand behind the front legs and another under the hindquarters. Lift gently. Never pick up a cat by the scruff of the neck (behind the ears) or by the front legs without supporting the rear end.
General Cat Care #5: Housing
Cats should have a clean, dry place of their own in the house. Line your cat’s bed with a soft, warm blanket or towel. Be sure to wash the bedding often. Please keep your cat indoors. If your companion animal is allowed outside, he can contract diseases, get ticks or parasites, become lost or get hit by a car, hurt in a fight or poisoned. Also, cats prey on wildlife.

If you want your cat to live a long and healthy life then you should try to keep your cat on good quality food and healthy food leads to a healthy digestive system which in turn leads to a healthy life. Cat's have a very distinct nutritional needs as they are carnivorous animals and their body structure has adapted to a strictly carnivorous diet. Further, in the wild, they receive food which is of high quality and is naturally rich in proteins. Cats eat in small quantities but they need around 12-18 meals a day.

Again the amount of nutrients and food required by any cat is depended on various things like:-

Is your Cat an Indoor Cat or Outdoor Cat

Indoor Cats

Indoor cats are cats who stay in the house and who doesn't go out often and as a result, they spend little energy. Normal intake of a 3.5 kg cat with no excess weight is about 50g nibble a day of dry food containing 350Kcal or 100g of diet. Usually, many cats like to keep themselves busy while being indoor so it is very essential to fix as to how much quantity is to be served to your cat. Here it is a known fact that those cats who have been neutered show 30% increase in their weight in the following months of neutering. An adult indoor cat spends 30% of their waking time licking their coat and as they lick their coat, the coat's hair enter their body which is then eliminated via intestine but this grooming method leads to formation of hairball in the cat's digestive tract but the same can be prevented by allowing your cat to have access to healthy nutritional food which is enriched with non-fermentable fibre.

Outdoor Cats

Outdoor cats are cats who go out of the house on a regular basis and as they go out of the house their body get involved in a number of activities and as a result, they have high energy requirement. An outdoor cat would require about 70 kcal/kg body weight per day which can be easily fulfilled with Royal Canin's Junior Maxi. Further, cat's nutritional requirement would increase according to the amount of time spent outside the house, the extent of territory available and the range of temperature it experiences throughout the year. Outdoor cats are more active than indoor cats because outdoor cats are prone to catch and eat mice or rat which in turn helps them to get good quality food resulting in fulfilment of good nutritional requirement.

However, a person should always keep in mind that a cat's diet cannot be set one as it keeps on changing. One should also note that so-called outdoor cats become true indoor cats as soon as winter arrives and as a result, their diet should be adjusted accordingly.

It is also found that 70% of cats over the age of 3 years develop dental problems and if left unnoticed could lead to serious consequences so one can prevent it by providing correct diet. Here I would like to tell you that Royal Canin's products contain kibbles which encourage cats to crunch their food which in turn helps to perform mechanical brushing of dental surface which helps to slow down plague's from development.

General Cat Care #6: Identification
If allowed outdoors (again, we caution against it!), your cat needs to wear a safety collar and an ID tag. A safety collar with an elastic panel will allow your cat to break loose if the collar gets caught on something. An ID tag or an implanted microchip can help insure that your cat is returned if he or she becomes lost.
General Cat Care #7: Litter Box
All indoor cats need a litter box, which should be placed in a quiet, accessible location. A bathroom or utility room is a good place for your cat’s box. In a multi-level home, one box per floor is recommended. Avoid moving the box unless absolutely necessary. Then do so slowly, a few inches a day. Cats won’t use a messy, SMELLY litter box. Scoop solids out of the box at least once a day. Dump everything, wash with a mild detergent (don’t use ammonia) and refill at least once a week, less frequently if using clumping litter. Don’t use deodorants or scents in the litter or litter box (especially avoid lemon scent).
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