More Cat Care Information:
Diabetes mellitus, sugar diabetes is a complex and common disease. The feline diabetes is affecting the cats in an alarming rate. The feline diabetes mellitus is incapable to produce insulin towards balancing blood sugar or glucose levels. If it is not treated timely, it leads to weight loss, loss of appetite, vomiting, dehydration, severe depression, and functional complications, and it leads to coma and death. The disease affects one in four hundred cats. Symptoms are similar to humans. The disease occurrence rate of cats is less than dogs.
|General Cat Care #1: Before You Bring Your Cat Home|
|You will need food, food dish, water bowl, interactive toys, brush, comb, safety cat collar, scratching post, litter and litter box.|
|General Cat Care #2: Feeding|
|An adult cat should be fed one large or two smaller meals each day. Kittens from 6 to 12 weeks need to be fed four times a day. Kittens from three to six months need to be fed three times a day. You can either feed specific meals, throwing away any leftover canned food after 30 minutes or free-feed dry food (keeping food out all the time).|
Feed your cat a high-quality, brand-name kitten or cat food (avoid generic brands) two to three times a day. Kittens can be fed human baby food for a short time if they won’t eat kitten food softened by soaking in warm water. Use turkey or chicken baby food made for children six months and older. Gradually mix with cat food. Cow’s milk is not necessary and can cause diarrhea in kittens and cats. Provide fresh, clean water at all times. Wash and refill water bowls daily.
The symptoms of feline diabetes are –
1. Excessive thirst is the first feline diabetes symptom
2. Intensified appetite or least appetite
3. Increased urination
4. Commencement of the disease within a few weeks
5. Weaker back legs
6. Peripheral neuropathy
7. Glucose in the urine, showing by keto or glucose strips, ketones in the urine showing an emergency by strip
8. Apparent fragility
9. Thickening skin
10. Acute symptoms of lethargy
12. Acetone-smelling breath
The diets of feline diabetes are given below –
The diet of feline diabetes can be based on two assumptions. It is a high protein along with low carbohydrate diet, or it can be a diet of high carbohydrate, low fat with high fiber.
These both diets are designed to lower weight, and to control blood sugar levels. The responsiveness of each cat is to be different based on application of diet plan.
|General Cat Care #3: Grooming|
|Most cats stay relatively clean and rarely need a bath, but they do need to be brushed or combed. Frequent brushing helps keep your cat’s coat clean, reduces the amount of shedding and cuts down on the incidence of hairballs|
|General Cat Care #4: Handling|
|To pick up your cat, place one hand behind the front legs and another under the hindquarters. Lift gently. Never pick up a cat by the scruff of the neck (behind the ears) or by the front legs without supporting the rear end.|
|General Cat Care #5: Housing|
|Cats should have a clean, dry place of their own in the house. Line your cat’s bed with a soft, warm blanket or towel. Be sure to wash the bedding often. Please keep your cat indoors. If your companion animal is allowed outside, he can contract diseases, get ticks or parasites, become lost or get hit by a car, hurt in a fight or poisoned. Also, cats prey on wildlife.|
Protein and fats replace the low-carb diet. If the cats suffer from kidney, liver or bowel diseases, the higher-protein diet would not be suitable. Considering the health condition of cats, you choose the diet. The canned foods for cat, Purina DM can be in this category.
It can be high-carb, high-fiber. The added soluble fiber, psyllium reduces the intensification of conversion rates for starch to glucose, and it helps the glucose levels control. Not for gaining weight, it is for the loosing weight. The foods in these categories are Hill's W/D, Hills R/D and Purina OM. Determine the best diet. You monitor the signs of high blood sugar, excessive thirst or urination, and check ketones with strips.
The treatment of feline diabetes are given below
Eighty to ninety five Feline diabetes affected cats are similar to type 2 diabetes. Symptoms are diagnosed. Studies reveal these cats are severely insulin dependent. The prompt effective treatment can perhaps cure cats of type 2 diabetes.
However, it increases the weakness of the legs, malnutrition, ketoacidosis, dehydration and death of the cats. The treatment contains insulin injections once or twice daily, diet and oral medication. Initially, the veterinarian is to check and recheck the symptoms, signs and prepare the treatment schedule. The veterinarian is to select the dose of insulin. Excessive insulin can cause the death of cats.
To sum up, the basic remedies in this instance can be –
1. Insulin therapy
2. Oral medication in place of insulin
3. Test of blood and urine tests
4. Physical examinations
5. Behavioral signals establishing insulin therapy
|General Cat Care #6: Identification|
|If allowed outdoors (again, we caution against it!), your cat needs to wear a safety collar and an ID tag. A safety collar with an elastic panel will allow your cat to break loose if the collar gets caught on something. An ID tag or an implanted microchip can help insure that your cat is returned if he or she becomes lost.|
|General Cat Care #7: Litter Box|
|All indoor cats need a litter box, which should be placed in a quiet, accessible location. A bathroom or utility room is a good place for your cat’s box. In a multi-level home, one box per floor is recommended. Avoid moving the box unless absolutely necessary. Then do so slowly, a few inches a day. Cats won’t use a messy, SMELLY litter box. Scoop solids out of the box at least once a day. Dump everything, wash with a mild detergent (don’t use ammonia) and refill at least once a week, less frequently if using clumping litter. Don’t use deodorants or scents in the litter or litter box (especially avoid lemon scent).|