More Cat Care Information:
Russia is a huge country with diverse landscape and a varied population so it isn't surprising that the breeds of domestic cats that have come from the country are also varied and diverse. Here we look at the most famous ones.
|General Cat Care #1: Before You Bring Your Cat Home|
|You will need food, food dish, water bowl, interactive toys, brush, comb, safety cat collar, scratching post, litter and litter box.|
|General Cat Care #2: Feeding|
|An adult cat should be fed one large or two smaller meals each day. Kittens from 6 to 12 weeks need to be fed four times a day. Kittens from three to six months need to be fed three times a day. You can either feed specific meals, throwing away any leftover canned food after 30 minutes or free-feed dry food (keeping food out all the time).|
Feed your cat a high-quality, brand-name kitten or cat food (avoid generic brands) two to three times a day. Kittens can be fed human baby food for a short time if they won’t eat kitten food softened by soaking in warm water. Use turkey or chicken baby food made for children six months and older. Gradually mix with cat food. Cow’s milk is not necessary and can cause diarrhea in kittens and cats. Provide fresh, clean water at all times. Wash and refill water bowls daily.
The Siberian is a landrace of domestic cats that has been found in Russia for centuries and has been developed into a domestic breed since the 1980s. It is formally known as the Siberian Forest Cat and is similar to the Norwegian Forest Cat. It is the national cat of Russia.
The Siberian is known to be a particularly agile jumper and is a strong, powerfully built cat. It has strong hindquarters and large paws as well as barrelled chests. Their ears are of medium size with broad foreheads and a stockier build than most domestic breeds.
The Russian Blue is a beautiful silvery-blue cat that occurred naturally in the port city of Arkhangelsk, so are often known as Archangel Blues. These cats were believed to have been taken to the UK and Northern Europe as early as the 1860s with the first recorded appearance of one outside Russia coming from the cat show in Crystal Palace in 1875. After World War II, the breed continued to be developed in Russia and Scandinavia and to be taken to the US.
These cats have green eyes and a shorthaired coat that is caused by a gene that dilutes the black color to the blue shade. They are very intelligent cats that are very curious but also described as very calm and tranquil to live with. They are shy around strangers but play fetch with their owners and are very sensitive to their human's emotions.
|General Cat Care #3: Grooming|
|Most cats stay relatively clean and rarely need a bath, but they do need to be brushed or combed. Frequent brushing helps keep your cat’s coat clean, reduces the amount of shedding and cuts down on the incidence of hairballs|
|General Cat Care #4: Handling|
|To pick up your cat, place one hand behind the front legs and another under the hindquarters. Lift gently. Never pick up a cat by the scruff of the neck (behind the ears) or by the front legs without supporting the rear end.|
|General Cat Care #5: Housing|
|Cats should have a clean, dry place of their own in the house. Line your cat’s bed with a soft, warm blanket or towel. Be sure to wash the bedding often. Please keep your cat indoors. If your companion animal is allowed outside, he can contract diseases, get ticks or parasites, become lost or get hit by a car, hurt in a fight or poisoned. Also, cats prey on wildlife.|
The Donskoy, also known as the Don Sphynx, is a breed of hairless cat that started from a single hairless cat found in the city of Rostov-on-Don by breeder Elena Kovaleva. It is unrelated to the Sphynx breed, the hairlessness in which is caused by a recessive gene while the Donskoy's is caused by a dominant gene.
The breed was officially recognised by the World Cat Federation (WCF) in 1997 and by The International Cat Association (TICA) in 2005. The show standard of the breed is a medium sized cat that is muscular with large ears, almond shaped eyes and long, webbed toes. Despite their lack of coat, they still require frequent grooming to manage the oils on the skin but over-bathing can increase the oiliness problem.
The Peterbald is the result of a crossing between a Donskoy and an Oriental Shorthair female in St Petersburg. The breed was adopted by the Russian Selectional Feline Federation (SFF) in 1996 and was adopted by TICA in 1997, with the WCF acceptance coming in 2003.
The breed resembles the Oriental and Siamese breeds in its body shape but is hairless as the Donskoy is. It has a long muzzle, large ears and a long, elegant body with long legs. The coat comes in all colours and markings and can vary from complete baldness to a flocked or velour type coat or even a straight coat.
The personality of these cats is described as sweet tempered, affectionate, curious and smart. They are quite vocal, though not as much as Siamese, and tend to follow their owners around the house, taking part in what they are doing.
|General Cat Care #6: Identification|
|If allowed outdoors (again, we caution against it!), your cat needs to wear a safety collar and an ID tag. A safety collar with an elastic panel will allow your cat to break loose if the collar gets caught on something. An ID tag or an implanted microchip can help insure that your cat is returned if he or she becomes lost.|
|General Cat Care #7: Litter Box|
|All indoor cats need a litter box, which should be placed in a quiet, accessible location. A bathroom or utility room is a good place for your cat’s box. In a multi-level home, one box per floor is recommended. Avoid moving the box unless absolutely necessary. Then do so slowly, a few inches a day. Cats won’t use a messy, SMELLY litter box. Scoop solids out of the box at least once a day. Dump everything, wash with a mild detergent (don’t use ammonia) and refill at least once a week, less frequently if using clumping litter. Don’t use deodorants or scents in the litter or litter box (especially avoid lemon scent).|